PART I

RESEARCH

This page is dedicated to a research done by me for Part I projects on Foundation in Fine Arts course (2019 - 2020), such as COLLECTION, MATERIAL NEWS, ALTERED SPACES and PLACE. Apart from that I will fill in some impressions from MUSEUM VISITS.

How to read: The materials for each project are organized vertically.

MUSEUM VISITS

Natalia Goncharova's exhibitions ant TATE Modern. 7.09.2019

Natalia Goncharova. A Model (against a Blue Background) (1909–10)

About artist, style & method:

This artwork by Russian avant-garde artist Natalia Goncharova has a quite scandalous history....

Analysis:

I am fascinated with how much of understanding of anatomy the body is made, it is structurous, cubism-like, yet making  bold, free, confident, decisive brushstrokes. It is powerful and, I would say, monumental in the way it is done and also the subject of depiction has the same qualities. The model is full of vital energy, confidence. As for me, this painting may be considered as feminist artwork. It depicts the mood of of an epoch, when women as a group were given more freedom and became much less passive social group...

 

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Natalia Goncharova at TATE Modern

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 Stanley Kubrick Exhibition in Museum of Design. 15.09.2019

Truly breath-taking, smartly organized exhibition that Kubrick himself would have been proud of. Really informative, it has deepen my knowledge of director's working approach and awareness of details of movie creation process. I am in awe with Stanley Kubrick. His fanatical working capacity, perfectionism, rationalism, but on the other hand boundless creativity, freedom of thought, enthusiasm astonishes me a lot. The significance of his impact on art history and in particular development of cinematography can't be overestimated. His movies has made a tremendous influence on younger generations of movie-makers and artists. Stanley Kubrick tried himself in various genres, all of the films differ from each other significantly. The exhibition was arranged that way: in the first room there were presented personal things of director such as the Oscar, armchair with the name on it, spacial boxes he designed, original scripts with notes in them, cameras and other technical equipment. Next rooms were dedicated to his most iconic films.

 I will comment on what has been shown in the rooms and share some impressions on some of motion pictures that I have watched.

Lolita (1962). There were represented a lot of photographs from shooting process, gratitude letter from Sue Lion (Lolita) to Stanley Kubrick and complaint letters from religious organizations and critique in press. Lolita, as for me, seems to be more conventional in terms of camera work. Generally it is quite too diligent and proper comparing to Vladimir Nabokov's novel (1955). I feel that in a book the usage of colour is so essential. What I really enjoyed in Nabokov's novel is how he uses language, juicy and witty metaphors, how beautifully he selects right epithets. I believe that the way its written is as (or even more) valuable than a story itself. I could not see in Kubrick's Lolita those aspects I listed above. Furthermore dialogues or narrator's part was slightly simplified and flattened.  I perfectly understand that Kubrick overcame obstacles in the face of harsh censorship of still conservative at that time American and European societies with powerful and influential morality control from a church. It was indeed bold, scandalous and daring project for early sixties, even though sexual connotations of original oevre were erased almost completely. Director have admitted later that if he could restage Lolita it would be much more eroticized.

2001: Space Odyssey (1968) -ambitious, monumental, powerful, philosophical, eternal masterpiece. It is considered as groundbreaking and innovative, on because of technology used, futuristic set design and special effects. Monumentalism, beauty, infinity of cosmos is emphasized by majestic, triumphal, solemn waltz  "An der schönen blauen Donau" of Johann Strauss II. Kubrick had really scrupulous approach towards selecting right music for a movie. Measured way of showing the processes captivates an audience and doesn't make feel bored, as you understand that absence of fuss makes perfect sense and you enjoy how deliberately spaceship float from one corner of a screen to another. 

I was amazed to see the actual props from Odyssey. For example, models which were masterfully turned into huge spaceships, using special effects, combination shooting, illumination and fancy machines. 

Eyes Wide Shut (1999).  The latest Kubrick's movie, but first one I've watched. I was concentrating on visual aspect of the film. Prevailing of red I guess symbolize love (which is a central topic of this piece) and blue - mystery, unexplained, enigma. Outspoken sexuality, secrets between married couple, their suspicion, jealousy, sexual fantasies, episodes of pedophilia, secret society, mysterious deaths - all in sum causes uncanny effect.

By the way, I was surprised to discover that Eyes Wide Shut was shot in London.

Finally what I found one of the most extraordinary experiences at the exhibition is actually finding a paper tissue with a password "Fidelio" for Tom Cruse's character to get an access to a close party, was gently preserved. 

 

Stanley Kubrick

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Stanley Kubrick

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Stanley Kubrick

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Stanley Kubrick

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Stanley Kubrick

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Stanley Kubrick

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Stanley Kubrick

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Stanley Kubrick

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Takis Exhibition in TATE Modern. 29.09.2019

  • Art& Science;
  • phylosophic and scientific  notions such as energy, cosmos, gravity, spirituality;
  • complex technological process that requires knowledge in different disciplines; 
  • "I know how to use energy", - artist said;
  • using magnetism, physics. sound, movement, balance;
  • inspired by ancient sculptures;
  • signals sculpture that "floats in space'', "fighting gravity";

The link to an info about exhibition: Here

References:

TATE. 2019. Introducing Takis. [ONLINE] Available at: https://www.tate.org.uk/art/artists/takis-2019/introducing-takis. [Accessed 15 October 2019].

Takis. 29.09.2019

Takis

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Takis

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Takis

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Olafur Eliasson. 29.09.2019

One of the most impressive and spectacular exhibitions I have ever been in TATE Modern. The artist realizes what an audience wants and gets success. Its actually being a part of an artwork, being engaged, experience, become an active participant. There is something really festive, thetric about the appearance of Ellisasson's works, but there is an essential message that hides behind - climate change concern, for instance.   

Olafur Eliasson

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Olafur Eliasson

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Olafur Eliasson

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MONA HATOUM, HARMONY HAMMOND and DORA MAURER at White Cube Gallery. 02.10.2019

It was my first visit to White Cube gallery. The place itself is mesmerizing. Contemporary art institution in best traditions - sterile, cold, futuristic, minimalistic space. What first caught my attention is a long corridor with regular illumination that creates a sense of perspective and its reflection on a floor.

Now there are solo exhibitions of three artists taking place in White Cube Bermondsey - Harmony Hammond, Dora Maurer and the biggest one - of Mona Hatoum's.

Mona Hatoum "Remains to be Seen". I was really fascinated and inspired by Mona Hatoum's show. The artist uses some unusual mediums, such as hair, nails, iron filings...Hair in her art pieces does not feel disgusting. It is woven into curtain, swirled into minuscule circles, used as a thread for a necklace. Her works are so delicate, tender there is a sense of intimacy and familiarity in them. They are quiet,  but captivating. Mona Hatoum herself is clever, witty and "not shouting". Her art is not about about scandal, sensation, but still appears to be so powerful and meaningful.

 Harmony Hammond "Inside the White Cube". "A pivotal figure in the feminist art movement in New York during the 1970s, her early work combined gender politics with both a minimal and post-minimal understanding of materials and process, a focus that continues to this day. Frequently occupying a unique space between painting and sculpture, Hammond’s abstract, monochrome oil on canvas paintings incorporate additional materials such as fabrics, push pins, metal grommets and rope into their compositions, creating active, textural surfaces that appear to refute inherent notions of monochromatic purity. She says: ‘I’ve always been interested in bringing sociopolitical content into the world of abstraction. Incorporating materials and objects, with their geographies, histories, and associations, is one way of doing this".

I love to come to an artwork as close as I'm allowed to. It makes an experience of observing the work much more intimate. You escape. Enjoy the texture, color and all of nuances.

Dora Maurer. When I just got inside the room where Dora Maurer artworks are exhibited I thought that there are 3-dimensional translucent plexiglas sheets hanging on the wall in front of me, put when I got closer I realized that it is just an illusion of three-dimensionality. That was quite intriguing.

 https://whitecube.com/exhibitions/exhibition/dora_maurer_bermondsey_2019

Corridor of White Cube Gallery Bermondsey

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Dora Maurer

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Harmony Hammond

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Harmony Hammond

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Mona Hatoum. Remains to be Seen

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Mona Hatoum. Dark Matter

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Mona Hatoum. Nail Necklace

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Mona Hatoum. Hair Mesh

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Ai WeiWei "Roots" in Lisson Gallery. 5.10.2019

It was so unusual for me to see Ai Weiwei's massive installations not in a spacious, large-scale space as Turbine Hall in Tate Modern, for instance, but in quite small gallery. Surprisingly, they still looked majestic and formidable. 

Ai Weiwei. Press Release with notes

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Ai Weiwei

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Ai WeiWei

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Stering Ruby in Gagosian Gallery

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Dafna Talmor.

 

 

 

COLLECTION PROJECT. RESEARCH

Anna Zvyagintseva

About artist, style & method

"These are candy wrappers, which my father often does not throw right away, but mechanically, unconsciously twists into abstract figures, not endowing them with meaning. I constantly noticed these small objects that disappeared almost immediately, and once I imperceptibly picked up several at that very moment I decided that I would definitely show them at the exhibition. I give these objects the status of "art," "- says Anna Zvyagintseva (https://gazeta.ua/ru/articles/culture/_hudozhnica-sdelala-fantiki-ot-konfet-ob-ektom-iskusstva/479659)

Analysis: 

As for me, this project  is about relativity of significance. In different context for anyone except of the author those objects may appear as senseless, odd trash, however for Anna it is sentimental, familiar, intimate, personal artifacts, behind which there is a history. The artist endows tiny, petty, insignificant things with meaning. They become not just candy wrappers that her father twisted while boring tea conversation but beautiful shapes, monuments for everyday life moments, little pleasures, symbols that are associated with her close person, with his habits.

Anna Zvyagintseva. The Sculptures of my Father

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Louise Nevelson

About artist, style & method

"Louise Nevelson experimented with early conceptual art using found objects, and dabbled in painting and printing before dedicating her lifework to sculpture. Usually created out of wood, her sculptures appear puzzle-like, with multiple intricately cut pieces placed into wall sculptures or independently standing pieces, often 3-D".

"Nevelson's most notable sculptures are her walls; wooden, wall-like collage driven reliefs consisting of multiple boxes and compartments that hold abstract shapes and found objects from chair legs to balusters. Nevelson described these immersive sculptures as "environments". The wooden pieces were also cast-off scraps, pieces found in the streets of New York".

"Nevelson called herself  "the original recycler"".

See a link to an article: Here 

 

Analysis:

The process of compilation of any collection involves two main aspects - accumulation and systematization. Nevelson's installations have gone through the process of collecting objects and organizing them. They are about order and categorization, yet not in standard way (by size, shape, type of an object), but in the way artist perceived it. Objects are arranged and unified with a help of solid colour (usually achromatic or gold) and placed in bookshelf-like blocks. In each cell they are disposed in certain, always distinctive compositions.

Collection itself is not the main point for Nevelson's pieces, but the method, as for me, absolutely corresponds the idea of collection. 

Louise Nevelson. Big Black 1963

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Bernd & Hilla Becher

About artist, style & method

"For decades Bernd and Hilla Becher photographed industrial buildings and structures in Europe and the United States, helping to bring about a revolution in the aesthetics of photography that still influences the principal tendencies in the contemporary language of the medium. Their typologies of architecture in which form is entirely determined by function opened up hitherto unimagined possibilities in photographic representation: a rigorous and at the same time not at all intrusive technique showed the subject photographed in a clinical and impartial manner, stripping the images of any drift toward narration, without ever directing the gaze and leaving the viewer free to explore the complexity of the forms documented. Blast Furnaces presents for the first time a collection of around 250 photographs of these structures taken by the Bechers over the course of about thirty years, a wide variation on a single visual theme within the vast range of analysis carried out on water towers, furnaces, silos, gas tanks and the like: monuments of an industrial landscape partly frozen in time and now left behind by history".

See link to an article: Here

 

Analysis:

I adore industrial landscapes. They have exquisite, constructive forms that's why this series of photographs captivated me. The giant pipes have resemblance  with biomorphic forms like intestines or worms combined with regular verticals. Formal method is used yo arrange presentation.

Bernd & Hilla Becher. Blast Furnaces

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MATERIAL NEWS PROJECT. RESEARCH

Dieter Roth. Literaturwurst (1969)

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About artist, style & method:

"Between 1961 and 1970 Roth created about fifty "literature sausages." To make each sausage Roth followed a traditional recipe, but with one crucial twist: where the recipe called for ground pork, veal, or beef, he substituted a ground-up book or magazine. Roth mixed the ground-up pages with fat, gelatin, water, and spices before stuffing them into sausage casings. The source materials include work by authors and periodicals that the artist either envied or despised; they run the gamut from lowbrow illustrated tabloids to well-regarded contemporary German novels to the works of Karl Marx and the influential nineteenth-century philosopher Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel. Roth turned literature into a metaphorical object for intellectual consumption and physical subsistence".

See a link to an article: Here

 

Analysis:

I find this work useful for my project as it is metaphoric, symbolic and laconic. These are exactly those qualities I'm aspiring for my work on Material News Project to have.

What I also find interesting about Literaturwurst is that it is not neutral. Dieter Roth declares a position, a statement. This piece is a satire, harsh criticism and devaluation of media and literature pieces.

Dieter Roth. Video about artist's method

 

 

Doris Salcedo. Untitled (2013)

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About artist, style & method:

"Doris Salcedo, Untitled, 1989-1990. Cloth shirts, metal rebars and plaster. Eleven sculptures composed of white, cotton shirts in plaster and impaled by steel rebar. These sculptures were created in response to two massacres that took place in 1988 in the north of Colombia on the banana plantations of La Negra and La Honduras. Salcedo’s research into these events greatly influenced both the visual and material qualities of the resulting artworks. Alluding to the absent human body, the shirts reference the standard dress of workers on these plantations as well as funerary dress for the dead. Stacked in different quantities, these sculptures also appear to take measure of the loss of human life".

 See a link to the article: Here

 

Analysis:

Quite, but very frightening, anxious artwork. it is exactly that situation when there are no literal references to what may be associated with tragedy like blood, weapon, body parts, etc, but once finding out about the story behind and its authentic symbolism, you start to feel this coldness of terror inside...

This piece, as I see it, is not about emotional response to massacres, but a reflection on those events, stocktaking, like giving statistics of victims...

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Michelangelo Pistoletto. Sfere di Giornali (Newspaper Sphere) (1966–68)

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About artist, method & style:

''Pistoletto’s Sfere di giornali (Newspaper Spheres) were first conceived and executed between 1965 and 1968. The Sfera di giornali conceived in 1966 was rolled out onto the streets of Turin in December 1967 and became the historical performance piece known as landscape sculpture. Spheres faithfully evoke the concept of circulation, pairing nicely with the literal imagery of newspapers, which circulate information. The significances of the rolling newspapers are manifold; the three principal ideas that Pistoletto wants to convey are an all-encompassing expression of circulation, a manipulation of the passage of time, and the way in which art confronts people every day and brings joy to human life. The performance by Pistoletto and his sphere has been repeated many times over the course of the last fifty years including at the Tate Modern in London (2009), the Philadelphia Museum of Art (2010), the Louvre Museum in Paris (2013), the Leila Heller Gallery in Dubai (2016), and at the Museo Nacional de Bellas Artes in Havana (2016)".

See the link to the article: Here

The artist said while repeating of the performance in 2009 in TATE Modern:

  • The sphere is done in order to go outside from the museum, the place dedicated to art and bring the art to a street;
  • Walking sculpture;
  • Art can be democratic;
  • I'm trying not just to make an object, but an activity that is putting art and social life, social economy, social communication in condition of moving and making new tern around.

 

Analysis:

A great example of how an art can directly engage with an audience. People here are becoming an inevitable part of artwork's history. They become almost like co-creators. That is something I really appreciate in contemporary art - blurring of edges, narrowing distance between an artist and his/her audience. The 'walking' sculptureI of Michelangelo Pistoletto united different people and made them spend a day together, traveling around London with a huge newspaper ball. This is also the way of broadening a circle of audience, because interactiveness is what people tend enjoys, I believe. I will definitely try to engage an audience in my Material News project.

 

Michelangelo Pistoletto. TATE Shots.

 

 

 

 

Takis. Aeolian Signal (2006)

 

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Alexander Calder

I was interest to make a research on Alexander Calder in context of my Material News project. Calder is working with balance and movement. 

ALTERED SPACES PROJECT. RESEARCH

Symbolism of Yellow

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For Me

Cool, cadmium, lemon, unnatural yellow is associated for me with overwhelming anxiety, madness, threat. It is alarming.  You feel annoyed while looking at it for a while. It has a connection with some memories for me. In my school toilet room and corridor the walls and tile were yellow. When I was coming inside the toilet cabin I usually directed the sight  to the floor made of tile of this nasty color. Mostly, I used to focus on it while feeling dismayed or anxious. So, cadmium yellow now has a strong connection with unpleasant emotions for me. 

 

 

In Literature

In Fiodor Dostoyevsky's renown novel "Crime and Punishment" yellow appears so frequently and it is used to describe sickliness, toxicity, melancholia, excruciation, numbness.

"In Crime and Punishment, all of the character’s rooms coincidentally have yellow wallpaper: Raskolnikov’s; Aloyna Ivanovna’s, the pawn broker he murders; Sonya’s, the prostitute who seeks to redeem him; and even the hotel rooms. Dostoevsky describes Raskolnikov’s room as having “yellow dusty wall-paper peeling off the walls that gave it a wretchedly shabby appearance”. Yellow wallpaper is something the characters cannot escape.  And like Jane in The Yellow Wallpaper, Raskolnikov is obsessed with wallpaper".

See a link to the article: Here 

Charlotte Perkins Gilman "The Yellow Wallpaper" - a story about woman who suffers from "temporary nervous depression" and as a therapy she was isolated into claustrophobic room with yellow wallpapers. As a result she ends up becoming completely insane. 

"Gilman used her writing to explore the role of women in America during the late 1800s and early 1900s. She highlighted many issues such as the lack of a life outside the home and the oppressive forces of the patriarchal society. Through her work, Gilman paved the way for writers such as Alice Walker and Sylvia Plath."

" Gilman portrays the narrator's insanity as a way to protest the medical, professional, and societal oppression against women at the time".

"This story has been interpreted by feminist critics as a condemnation of the male control of the 19th-century medical profession.[9] Throughout the short story the narrator offers many suggestions to help her get better such as exercising, working, or socializing with the outside world. Her ideas, though, are dismissed immediately while using language that stereotypes her as irrational and, therefore, unqualified to offer ideas about her own condition. This interpretation draws on the concept of the "domestic sphere" that women were held in during this period.Here is the description of yellow in the novel: “The color is hideous enough, and unreliable enough, and infuriating enough, but the pattern is torturing.”

See a link to the article: Here 

 

 

In Cinematography

There are quite a lot of studies where a use of color in cinematography and its symbolism is explained. Yellow, on the same hand can represent optimism, happiness and anxiety, insanity, tension. 

Colors in cinematography

 

Hieronimus Bosch

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Analysis:

This fragment of an artwork by Hieronimus Bosch surrealistically represents a mouth as a mysterious tunnel. I have thought of using mouth as a space in my works for Altered Spaces project.

Anish Kapoor. Descent into Limbo (1992)

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Analysis:

I was really intrigued by Anish Kapoor's appalling, enigmatic, philosophic installation "Descent into Limbo". It is that obscure that creates an effect of 2-dimensionality. I've decided to use it directly for my "Altered Spaces" collages. I have first altered the photograph of the installation just by coloring it in yellow, for another work I used faces of men on USSR parade, cut out their mouths and made them go from Kapoor's black hole. 

 

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Toba Khedoori

 

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About artist, style & method:

"Toba Khedoori explores the artist’s nuanced and powerful body of work. Her early works are notable for their precise draftsmanship and for their use of negative space—often at a very large scale. Khedoori frequently depicts architectural forms from distanced perspectives, rendering commonplace objects and spaces familiar yet decontextualized. In recent years, she has transitioned from paper to canvas, producing smaller­-scale works that hover between representation and abstraction. Like her earlier compositions, these works are enigmatic and acutely detailed; in an art world awash with rapidly moving images and saturated colors, Khedoori remains committed to the silent, slow, and exacting process of working by hand. The exhibition is the first major museum presentation of Khedoori’s new paintings and her first survey in fifteen years".

See a link to the article: Here

Zander Olsen. "Tree Line Project"

Collage may create an impression of integral space, but Zander Olsen in "Tree Line Project"does an opposite thing - in real landscape he is trying to make an illusion of collage. 

''These works, carried out in Surrey, Hampshire and Wales,involve site specific interventions in the landscape, ‘wrapping’ trees with white material to construct a visual relationship between tree, not-tree and the line of horizon according to the camera’s viewpoint.’''

Look for an article: Here

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David Lynch for altered spaces

Lynch is a master of creating psychological space. A space ...

David Lynch

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David Lynch

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David Lynch

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Dieter Roth

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Dieter Roth

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Dieter Roth

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Dieter Roth

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Stanley Kubrick. The Shining 1980

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Francis Bacon for altered spaces

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4D PROJECT: COME I WANT TO SEE YOU. RESEARCH

FRANCIS BACON. Three Studies of George Dyer, 1966

I see a resemblance with Francis Bacon's portraits which are distorted, smashed, facial features are leveled out and there is also a sense of movement in them. 

 

FRANCIS BACON. Three Studies of George Dyer, 1966

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Francis Bacon: A Brush with Violence (2017)

Pablo Picasso. Weeping Woman 1937

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Futurism

Italian Futurists were obsessed with the ideas of dynamism and experimented with the idea of depicting a movement as much thoroughly as possible

GIACOMO BALA. Dynamism of a Dog on a Leash, 1912

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PLACE PROJECT. RESEARCH

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Vlada Ralko Revolution diary 

Darya Koltsova 

Roman Mikhailov

Nikita Kadan.

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James Beckett 

Revolutionize in Mystetskiy Arsenal 21.11.2018 - 1.01.2019

LIBRARY OF USEFUL RESEARCH 

Rules of Abstraction with Mathew Collins. 1/6

Rules of Abstraction with Mathew Collins. 2/6

Rules of Abstraction with Mathew Collins. 3/6

The Rules of Abstraction with Matthew Collins. 4/6

The Rules of Abstraction with Matthew Collins 5/6

The Rules of Abstraction with Matthew Collins 6/6